However, the current ghat as a permanent riverside embankment was built in 1302 and has been renovated at least three times throughout its existence.[124]. The city's religious importance continued to grow in the 8th century, when Adi Shankara established the worship of Shiva as an official sect of Varanasi. Of particular note are the Abdul Razzaq, Alamgir, Bibi Razia, Chaukhambha, Dhai Nim Kangore, Fatman, Ganje Shahada, Gyanavapi, and Hazrat Sayyed Salar Masud Dargah. Dredging work underway in Varuna corridor of Varanasi on Sept 23, 2016. [22], Varanasi grew as an important industrial centre, famous for its muslin and silk fabrics, perfumes, ivory works, and sculpture. The River is highly polluted and under encroachments: photo by Jinda Sandbhor. [181] Lower-cost private schools attracted children from lower-income families or those lower-income families with higher education aspirations. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. [107] The silk weaving industry has recently been threatened by the rise of power looms and computer-generated designs and by competition from Chinese silk imports. [38] In 1867, the establishment of the Varanasi Municipal Board led to significant improvements in the city's infrastructure and basic amenities of health services, drinking water supply and sanitation [39], Author Mark Twain wrote in 1897 of Varanasi, "Benares is older than history, older than tradition, older even than legend, and looks twice as old as all of them put together. The NGT-panel has blamed the state government, the Uttar Pradesh Pollution Central Board, CPCB, VMC, district authorities and the Jal Nigam for pollution in the river. [64][65][66], Varanasi district administration is headed by the District Magistrate of Varanasi, who is an IAS officer. The panel's secretary, Rajendra Singh, said: "During monitoring, it was observed that dissolved oxygen in upstream of Shastri Ghat was found 2.5 mg/L before mixing of drains. )", "Sankat Mochan Sangeet Samaroh from April 13", "Jasraj, Birju Maharaj enthral on first night", "ICAR-Indian Institute of Vegetable Research", "National Seed Research and Training Centre, Varanasi", "School Choice and Divided Primary Education: Case Study of Varanasi, UP State, India", "Kanpur UPs new shooting hub for filmmakers", "Film shooting venues are the new tourist attractions in Varanasi", "9 Bollywood Films Based or Shot in Banaras You Should Watch", "Deepika Padukone and Irrfan Khan shoot for 'Piku' in Varanasi", "Hrithik Roshan starrer 'Super 30' team shoots at Banaras Hindu University", "Ayushmann Khurrana to shoot Shubh Mangal Zyada Saavdhan in Varanasi", "I'm not an outsider in Hollywood Tarsem Singh", "Ali Fazal, Shweta Tripathi Begin Filming Mirzapur In Varanasi", "The river where swimming lessons can be a health hazard", "Varanasi District Chess Sports Association", "Cabinet Grants International Status to Five Airports", "With mercury soaring, Kashi is still 'hot' destination", "19057/Udhna(Surat) – Varanasi Bholenagari Express", "Kashi V Express (14258) Running Train Status", "Train 18: PM Modi to flag off Vande Bharat Express on February 15 from New Delhi", "Train 18, India's first engine-less train, set to hit tracks on October 29", "शिवपुर और लोहता में बनेंगे सेटेलाइट रेलवे स्टेशन", "State-wise length of National Highways (NH) in India", "State-wise length of National Highways NH in India", "Statewise length of National Highways (NH) in India", "Varanasi's smart city command control centre now COVID-19 War Room with CCTV GIS tech", "First multi-modal terminal on Ganga river in Varanasi", "DP World Portek in fray to run Varanasi multimodal terminal", "VARANASI MULTIMODAL TERMINAL ON GANGA NEARING COMPLETION", "Big first for India World's largest container shipping firm Maersk moves containers on NW-1 inland waterways", "Kashi in 4 years not quite Kyoto but got Rs 30000 crore bonanza", "How the spiritual capital of India - Varanasi - is becoming the hotbed for real estate investments", "वाराणसी-इलाहाबाद सिक्स लेन के लिए मकानों को जमींदोज करने की कार्रवाई शुरू", "PM Narendra Modi concerned over delay in widening of 2 Varanasi national highways", "भूमि के अभाव में फंसा फोरलेन का निर्माण", "Varanasi: Big budget projects galore in PM Narendra Modi's constituency", "NHAI releases pause button on Ring Road Phase II", "Bharatmala 2.0 to focus on expressways add 4000 km greenfield roads", "Purvanchal Expressway progress Great news for commuters One of India's longest highways to open by Diwali", "Railways has ongoing projects worth over Rs 4500 cr in Varanasi", "Development of Inter-Modal Station Varanasi", "First 2 intermodal stations to come up in Nagpur Varanasi", "UP airport 1st to have national highway under runway - Times of India", "गंगा की लहरों व शिवलिंग सा होगा वाराणसी एलबीएस इंटरनेशनल एयरपोर्ट टर्मिनल, डिजाइन तैयार", "DPR of Varanasi Metro Rail Project approved – Times of India", "Varanasi Metro Rail Project – Metro Rail News", "Kanpur, Varanasi metro rail projects could start by December 2016", "Varanasi Metro – Centre approves Varanasi Metro Rail Project plan – Metro Rail News", "Detailed Project Report of Varanasi metro rail project approved", "Kashi Vishwanath corridor to be completed by April 2021", "Varanasi to get its first Film City confirms chairman of UPFDC comedian Raju Srivastava", "एयरपोर्ट की तर्ज पर काशी में बनेगा नया बस अड्डा, इन सुविधाओं से होगा लैस", "UTTAR PRADESH STATE ROAD TRANSPORT CORPORATION", "Centre approves a textile park for Varanasi", "बनारस में टेक्सटाइल पार्क को मिली मुख्यमंत्री की मंजूरी", "To Rejuvenate Indian Cities, PM Modi Takes First Step With Japan", "Smart Varanasi will be Kyoto's sister city", "Varanasi-Kathmandu, Ayodhya-Janakpur to become sister cities", "MoU on Twinning arrangements between Kathmandu-Varanasi, Janakpur-Ayodhya and Lumbini-Bodh Gaya as sister cities", Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission, "Mosques, Temples, and Orientalists: Hegemonic Imaginations in Banaras", Thambiluvil Sri Sivalinga Pillayar Temple, Thirukkovil Sithira Velayutha Swami Kovil, Kerala school of astronomy and mathematics, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Varanasi&oldid=990399766, Populated places established in the 2nd millennium BC, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July 2016, Articles lacking reliable references from October 2020, Articles with self-published sources from February 2020, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Six lane Varanasi-Aurangabad section of NH-19, Four lane Varanasi-Azamgarh Section NH-233, Varanasi-Ranchi-Kolkata Greenfield Expressway, 3rd rail line between Varanasi-Mughalsarai, New Delhi-Varanasi High Speed Rail Corridor, Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor (Jeonathpur Railway Station), Extension of runway by 1325 meters (First of its kind: National Highway under the airport runway), New terminal with passenger capacity of 4.5 million per year, 100 acres freight village for multimodal terminal, Film city to be developed in area of 106 acres, This page was last edited on 24 November 2020, at 07:47.