Their territory and dominion increase in proportion with the increasing greatness of the Quiché lords. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. The third part of the Popol Vuh begins with a story of One and Seven Hunahpu, told with the intention of providing a background to the story of their sons Hunahpu and Xbalanque. My students love how organized the handouts are and enjoy tracking the themes as a class.”, LitCharts uses cookies to personalize our services. Three days later, Zipacna escapes his prison and kills the Four Hundred Boys by destroying their hut. The text tells of their upbringing by their grandmother and half brothers, leading up to another journey to Xibalba. The narrator explains that the tale that follows is the origin story of the ancient Quiché and Mayan world, though this version has been secretly recorded during Spanish rule. The sons treat the bundle as a memorial to their fathers. Popol Vuh, Maya document, an invaluable source of knowledge of ancient Mayan mythology and culture. Teachers and parents! While Zipacna and Seven Macaw were bad because they were simply greedy and thought too highly of themselves, Earthquake is more of a problem because he's creating lasting damage to the land. Xmucane supports creating wood people, and they miraculously spring to life. They follow Black Road until they reach the council place of the Xibalban lords, where they greet the lords—though the first two seated "lords" are actually just wooden manikins. Finally, the twins enter the sky as the moon and sun, and the Four Hundred Boys become the stars. LitCharts Teacher Editions. The book combines centuries-old oral histories about the creation of the world, the mythology of the Mayan gods, the origin… This means that he'll also be a problem for future humans if he's not reined in. Author's note: This post was adjusted on December 12, 2017. While One and Seven Hunahpu pass some of the initial tests, they fail early on and seal their fates. They send Wailing Woman and Lust Woman to tempt the boy gods, but the gods send the women home with enchanted cloaks. Two twin boy gods named Hunahpu and Xbalanque understand that Seven Macaw 's self-magnification is evil, so they decide to try to take him down. The story of humanity's spread, their pilgrimage to an eastern city to receive totem gods, their awaiting of the first rising of the sun, and the beginning of history follow. Despite this, a god named Seven Macaw decides to impersonate the sun and moon so he can give light to the wood people. This refers to the ability to create a calendar and keep track of history through the movement of the stars and planets. The lords ask that if they win, the twins should bring them bowls of flower petals as a prize. One and Seven Death send the twins to Dark House with the lit cigars and torch, and Hunahpu and Xbalanque make their items appear lit by using macaw feathers and fireflies. Next, the gods attempt to create a human out of mud, but the mud human melts. Written by Timothy Sexton, Maya Johnson, Lê Mạnh Hảo and other people who wish to remain anonymous. When Zipacna is at the bottom of the hole, the Boys throw a huge log down after him—but Zipacna, a skilled trickster himself, takes shelter in a side tunnel he dug. Tedlock notes that a better understanding of Mayan arts and hieroglyphics has helped identify images of characters from the Popol Vuh. Blood Moon approaches Xmucane—who is One Hunahpu’s mother—for help, though Xmucane is wracked with grief and doesn't believe Blood Moon's story about her pregnancy. Thus, the twins are able to greet all the lords by name. Though Zipacna offers to help the Boys, his strength worries them. Summary. Course Hero. Tedlock briefly discusses the history of these books, particularly the Paris, Madrid, and Dresden codices. However, One and Seven Hunahpu consume the light sources given to them and are promptly sacrificed the next day. Before they encounter Zipacna, he kills the Four Hundred Boys, a group of gods known for their drunken revelry. The text of the Popol Vuh begins by relating the Mayan creation story. When Hunahpu and Xbalanque present the petals in the morning, the lords look pained. He further provides insight into the meaning of the stories contained in the Popol Vuh, particularly how they are meant to act as an explanation for the movements of stars and planets. The Xibalban lords foment a plan to defeat One and Seven Hunahpu and have their messengers summon the brothers. They're like having in-class notes for every discussion!”, “This is absolutely THE best teacher resource I have ever purchased. "Studies in American Indian Literatures" 4(2/3):12-34. When they lead Zipacna to the crab, which is tucked under a mountain, Zipacna wiggles into the space and the mountain comes to rest on his chest.