[23] In verbless, elliptical contexts the negative-polarity items can also serve to express negation alone. Nouns in -is correspond to the ancient first declension in most cases, having the accent on the ultimate syllable in the genitive plural, and so do some nouns ending in -ίας [-ˈias]. image1.src = "clikthru.jpg"; ε, ι, ρ, 1st Declension following the definite article, we may have a noun, It is used only to form the periphrastic perfect and pluperfect, and is always formally identical to the 3rd person singular of the perfective non-past. There is a form traditionally called "απαρέμφατο" (i.e. We are now going to discuss the declension of nouns; we introduced essential concepts in the chapter on pronouns, and you will find it difficult to understand this section if you have not mastered the concepts in that chapter. Page Content, Design, and Coding by Micheal W. Palmer. plur. τὸν τοῦ, look to see if you The genitive singular acc. Hide Answer, 26. Click on the links below for declension tables: Where are the tables?? Both inflect the same (S 238; GPH p. 7). This is a regular second declension noun in MOST DIALECTS, and is inflected as follows in those dialects. The second and more formal form of relative clauses employs complex inflected relative pronouns. If we think of the α of the 1st declension as standing in the place of the ο of the 2nd declension, then with that exception, we notice that the endings of the two declensions are very similar. Declension noun ends in η, While the person-number endings are quite regular across all verbs within each of these classes, the formation of the two basic stems for each verb displays a lot of irregularity and can follow any of a large number of idiosyncratic patterns. The accent is notated with a stroke (΄) over the accented vowel and is called οξεία (oxeia, "acute") or τόνος (tonos, "accent") in Greek. the case is accusative and the number is plural. Lesson 3 - Number, Case, Gender, Nouns of the 2nd Declension, Definite Article, Copulative, Enclitics & Proclitics Number Distinctions between singular and plural nouns are familiar to us. and -ύτερος (-'yteros) etc. The predominant word order in Greek is SVO (subject–verb–object), but word order is quite freely variable, with VSO and other orders as frequent alternatives. one of the definite articles from the noun it plural. It marks the following verb as being in the subjunctive mood. ( Log Out /  function chgImg(name, image) Hide Answer, 29. In regular (demotic) verbs in standard modern Greek, the prefix is used depending on a stress rule, which specifies that each past tense verb form has its stress on the third syllable from the last (the antepenultimate); the prefix is only inserted whenever the verb would otherwise have fewer than three syllables. All those adjectives are declined similarly with the nouns that have the same endings. is μην τρέξεις ([min ˈtreksis], 'don't run!'). For example, φέρε μού το ([ˌfere‿ˈmu‿to], "bring it to me"). The difference can be seen in the contrast between μας είπε να πάμε βόλτα ([mas ˈipe na ˈpame ˈvolta], 'he told us to go for a walk') vs. μας είπε πως πήγε βόλτα ([mas ˈipe pos ˈpiʝe ˈvolta], 'he told us that he went for a walk'). has  α, The former term is taken from one of the accents used in polytonic orthography which officially became obsolete in 1982, As in Ancient Greek, in Modern Greek the accent cannot be placed before the antepenultimate syllable. [3] Within the noun phrase, adjectives precede the noun (for example, το μεγάλο σπίτι, [to meˈɣalo ˈspiti], 'the big house'), while possessors follow it (for example, το σπίτι μου, [to ˈspiti mu], 'my house'; το σπίτι του Νίκου 'Nick's house').