The latin word for this plant is ferula which is now used as the genus. Fennel is widely cultivated, both in its native range and elsewhere, for its edible, strongly flavored leaves and fruits. [24] The fennel bulb can be softened by grilling, roasting or braising. Large-bulbed Florence fennel is the variety that’s grown and sold fresh as a vegetable. This vegetable is very rich in carbohydrate. Herb fennel spreads easily and can be considered an invasive species. Fennel fruits are the primary flavor component in Italian sausage. Also called "bulb fennel," Florence fennel grows about 3 feet high and has a thick, bulb-like base that resembles celery. To harvest the seeds, do so when the flower heads turn brown. tid('spinnergallery351231').style.visibility = 'visible'; slideshowgallery351231.imagesid = "imagesgallery351231"; White butter fennel is grown in central Europe and Russia. In North America it is mislabeled and sold as anise. [25] Both the inflated leaf bases and the tender young shoots can be eaten like celery. The feathery fronds emit an aromatic smell which is used to perfume a fish and soups. [2] It is a hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves. Florence fennel is a shorter plant with dark green stalks that resemble celery. These leaves are mixed with the water and offered to the lord during prayers. Many species in the family Apiaceae or Umbelliferae are superficially similar to fennel, and some, such as poison hemlock, are toxic, so it is unwise, and potentially extremely dangerous, to use any part of any of these plants as a herb or vegetable unless it can be positively identified as being edible. Well yes, it can. It is a highly aromatic and flavorful herb used in cookery and, along with the similar-tasting anise, is one of the primary ingredients of absinthe. slideshowgallery351231.infofadedelay = 0; One cup of fennel has 27 calories. Herb fennel is a perennial you can plant in a garden for fronds, pollen, and seeds. It is better to boil the bulb and serve it hot. Spanish monks brought it to this country in the 1500s to use in herbal medicines. Florence fennel, considered a vegetable, grows large bulbs on the end and short stalks with some feathery foliage that resembles furry celery. Dried fennel fruit is an aromatic, anise-flavored spice, brown or green in color when fresh, slowly turning a dull grey as the fruit ages. Spanish monks brought it to this country in the 1500s to use in herbal medicines. The bulb, foliage and seeds are used while making cuisines. slideshowgallery351231.slide_direction = "lr"; The bulb is a crisp vegetable that can be sautéed, stewed, braised, grilled, or eaten raw. The FINI program provides help to SNAP consumers to purchase more fruits and vegetables at local farmers markets. Tender young leaves are used for garnishes, as a salad, to add flavor to salads, to flavor sauces to be served with puddings, and also in soups and fish sauce. If the stalks are attached, they should be firm. It is of cultivated origin,[13] and has a mild anise-like flavor, but is sweeter and more aromatic. Find out more at www.clark.wa.gov/public-health/snap-farmers-markets. The leaves are edible and used while in soup recipes. [5] The word is first attested in Mycenaean Linear B form as ma-ra-tu-wo. [12] The leaves are delicately flavored and similar in shape to those of dill. [7], As Old English finule, fennel is one of the nine plants invoked in the pagan Anglo-Saxon Nine Herbs Charm, recorded in the 10th century. dulce).The herb type grows 3 … slideshowgallery351231.infofade = 0; Fennel fruits, Indian recipes using. Fennel leaves can be frozen or dried as herbs; dried leaves should be kept in an airtight container. On account of its aromatic properties, fennel fruit forms one of the ingredients of the well-known compound liquorice powder. As are many vegetables, Florence fennel is nutritious with lots of fiber, potassium, vitamin C and B-6, and is low in cholesterol and fat. Foeniculum vulgare. [3], The Greek name for fennel is marathon (μάραθον) or marathos (μάραθος),[4] and the place of the famous battle of Marathon literally means a plain with fennel. Fennel was prized by the ancient Greeks and Romans who used it as medicine, food, and insect repellent. Florence fennel is a catwalk vegetable: it always looks good in photographs, is curvaceous, elegant - and temperamental. Florence fennel is one of the three main herbs used in the preparation of absinthe, an alcoholic mixture which originated as a medicinal elixir in Europe and became, by the late 19th century, a popular alcoholic drink in France and other countries. The raw bulb is crunchy and sweet. Florence fennel, considered a vegetable, grows large bulbs on the end and short stalks with some feathery foliage that resembles furry celery. When buying bulbs, look for ones that have layers that are tightly spaced and are heavy for their size. Herb fennel is a perennial you can plant in a garden for fronds, pollen, and seeds. jQuery("#spinnergallery351231").remove(); There’s also wild fennel, which has become naturalized in many parts of the world and is especially abundant in California. (Its leaves are similar to those of dill, but thinner.) Basil leaves are used during Hindu religious functions and ceremonies. For cooking, green fruits are optimal. Fennel fronds are the delicate feathery part of the plant. The leaves are edible and used while in soup recipes. The fruits are used in cookery and sweet desserts.[25]. tid('slideshow-wrappergallery351231').style.visibility = 'visible'; Chinese Broccoli Nutritional Value| List of Vegetables, Tomatillo : Uses , Health Facts , Nutrition Know How, Check Veggies, Nuts and Seeds, Spices of the Month, Best Veggies to Eat Before Going to Sleep, Red Cabbage Growth Cultivation And Its Health Benefits. Many egg, fish, and other dishes employ fresh or dried fennel leaves. The leaves grow up to 40 cm long and these leaves are similar to those of dill. This ornamental plant is grown for its leaf bases or bulbs. The plants are smaller and have a … In western North America, fennel can be found from the coastal and inland wildland-urban interface east into hill and mountain areas, excluding desert habitats.[19][20]. Florence Fennel Plant I think I will try a new vegetable, fruit or herb each week. Your email address will not be published. Florence fennel, Foeniculum vulgare v. azoricum, is an annual plant commonly used as a vegetable. These plants are found in United States, Canada, Asia and Australia. In many parts of India, roasted fennel fruits are consumed as mukhwas, an after-meal digestive and breath freshener, or candied as comfit. [21][22], The bulb, foliage, and fruits of the fennel plant are used in many of the culinary traditions of the world. The leaves are edible and used while in soup recipes. They have clusters of yellow flowers that are flat on top. As grouped by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, production data for fennel are combined with similar spices – anise, star anise, and coriander. slideshowgallery351231.active = ""; Summer is coming and lots of produce will be filling the markets, so now is the time to try something new. slideshowgallery351231.infoSpeed = 10; Dill has thread-like, feathery leaves and yellow flowers; coriander and caraway have white flowers and finely divided leaves (though not as fine as dill or fennel) and are also shorter-lived (being annual or biennial plants). Avoid fennel bulbs that are split or bruised on the outside. One is treated as an herb (herb fennel – Foeniculum vulgare) and one that is treated like a bulb type vegetable (Florence fennel or Finocchio – Foeniculum vulgare var. Tarla Dalal. Harvest herb fennel when the foliage is feathery and air dry for use later. The flowers are produced in terminal compound umbels 5–15 centimetres (2–6 in) wide, each umbel section having 20–50 tiny yellow flowers on short pedicels. Receive latest stories and local news in your email: he Middle East. slideshowgallery351231.autoheight_max = false; The small flowers of wild fennel (known as fennel "pollen")[23] are the most potent form of fennel, but also the most expensive. The fruit is a dry schizocarp from 4–10 millimetres (3⁄16–3⁄8 in) long, half as wide or less, and grooved. Please take a second to review our community guidelines, Market Fresh Finds: Giving leeks a try, from vegetable medley to soup, Market Fresh Finds: Pick picklers for crunch, flavor and preserves, Market Fresh Finds: Fresh flavor flowers in artichoke heart, leaves. The plants are smaller and have a … Plants are considered as one of the sacred items by Indians, especially South Indians. Florence Fennel Varieties to …