It is more likely that “Emperor” was the brainchild of an early publisher. For the occasion of the Vienna premiere in February 1812, the soloist was Beethoven’s prize pupil, Carl Czerny. Over the course of the movement, Beethoven will transform both these themes in a wondrous range of keys, moods, and figurations. And while that was certainly the case, the masterful Emperor Concerto is proof of the tenderness and beauty that runs like a thread through this great man’s music. Beethoven’s house stood perilously close to the line of fire. By the spring of 1809 when Beethoven was creating his "Emperor" Concerto, the last person he would have wanted to honor was the emperor of the day, Napoleon Bonaparte. The second, a quirky little march, appears first in halting minor-mode form in the strings, then is immediately smoothed out and shifted to the major by the horns. It is a work of imperial size and scope — particularly in its huge first movement — and it reflects its war-riven era in its virile, martial tone. ${{ price.displayPrice }} There is a certain irony in the subtitle of "Emperor" that was later given to Beethoven's Fifth and final Piano Concerto, but never used by the composer himself. The Baltimore Symphony Orchestra is funded by an operating grant from the Maryland State Arts Council, an agency dedicated to cultivating a vibrant cultural community where the arts thrive. Beethoven himself originally intended to dedicate his Third Symphony, the “Eroica”, to Napoleon Bonaparte, but withdrew the dedication after Napoleon declared himself “Emperor” in 1804. Piano Concerto No. I have never heard or seen a definitive answer to this question. Give Now The final movement’s tricky rhythms are clearly inspired by those of Beethoven’s ‘Emperor’ Concerto; the two works require a similar lightness, attack, clarity and exuberance. Beethoven himself never gave the concerto a name, though the piece is dedicated to Archduke Rudolf of Austria, one of Beethoven's patrons and students. Play Your Part, support the LA Phil. © 2020 Los Angeles Philharmonic Association. Beethoven stresses the weak beats of the dancing 6/8-meter, giving his theme an eccentric, hobbling gait. The muted strings play a theme of incomparable beauty and sad tenderness, the piano responding in hushed, descending triplets, creating a subtle tension until the theme is fully exposed. Suddenly, dramatically, the piano lunges into the final theme, a grandly exuberant allegro. There is a certain irony in the subtitle of "Emperor" that was later given to Beethoven's Fifth and final Piano Concerto, but never used by the composer himself. Two themes receive a quasi-variations treatment. Suddenly, the spark is struck, and the theme explodes into the exuberant rondo finale. Interestingly, the concerto itself failed to make much of an impression, largely, it would seem, because of the nature of the audience, the Society of Noble Ladies of Charity, more receptive to the historic tableaux vivants that shared the bill with Beethoven. Beethoven - Piano Concerto No. The two items in the HBSO’s concert are therefore indirectly linked. With many of his circle back in Vienna at the beginning of 1810, by which time a general armistice had been signed, life was returning to a semblance of normalcy, the French uniforms and the sound of the French language in the streets notwithstanding. The first and most important is the strings' grave, almost religious theme heard at the opening. Visita nuestra página web en español. 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All Rights Reserved. But his work on his new Concerto did not cease. The sheer length of the opening movement belies convention; the serene second movement flows directly – and unusually – into the finale; and the overt romance of the music looks ahead to a musical period that was at that time still in its infancy. Then, over a sustained horn note, the piano introduces, softly and still andante, the theme of the rondo finale. Give Now But instead, Beethoven alternates mighty pronouncements for the orchestra and the piano. — Herbert Glass. He then carefully wrote out a brief series of variants on both his principal themes, the piano soon joined by the horns to blend the cadenza smoothly into the movement's flow. © Copyright 2020 Baltimore Symphony Orchestra. Here, Beethoven is no longer writing up to his own lofty standards as a performer, but for the super virtuoso of the following generation – personified by Czerny. Now in May 1809, Napoleon's armies were actually besieging the city of Vienna. Every portrait of Beethoven seems to drive home the impression that he was a composer whose music was tempestuous, brooding and muscular.