0000035869 00000 n 0000002719 00000 n x̽y`��?��p�S�D�� r$�" Here is the easy way to remember the all 20 amino acid.Complete mnemonics about all type of amino acids. ?�?1d�R7~Ү)��!-���u�iC�w_:��Ϗ�u��gU��/��oVşu���ߞՇ���?�V��K�Kų���ѓv�Ƞ�����fV�1��U ��?�%� 0000002886 00000 n 9Kbr;���1�Qy�q�f)q"r�6�T��V�&[&l5�q��j"�RL��\?����q�z�$�S�G��d��>��T��嫔��7#&X}c�%�Me���Q�7t�=Z�a�K/g��؏�?S���R��-*%n3�e�D�mEh�j�c��� �ku:p��n�ך�ba����9^p��Ƚ��ϼqU�$��B�SY�j�J^Rr���GɌ���_�۲a���v|�M��z�VC?y/x��%י��&�:�h0_g�-�+��Z�L�lWN������kN֨'jjH�i �t�Ůx����Ϗ��,�����2�O�{�����ux�s�?��`�[��=��yC�%�T���bA|L�!���~�` -�n� ����������'T��zR�8I]��=*{U�{ƒ޽��=L� Essential amino acids vary considerable from one organism to another and even differ in humans, depending on whether they are adults or children. 0000003293 00000 n 20 Kinds of Amino Acids hjuice 2018-03-31T07:50:50+00:00 There are twenty kinds of amino acids that support the body, each having their own functions. �[����~��>]��lA���}�bS&��������I����uc�qi����amt�hGb�oh���L��H���=��+��hW�7hg6�bѮ�l�d���j*�����b�I�i��.n�f1��Bo3yS�y���ۤ�ۄ�hA�&4H¢I�E��]�Iy����!�$�mx��؏w��G���gJ�����ӧ��L�5&�f�4��\6ǟn�&�5������d�5����������!��!�]��u�vz classification of basic amino acids according the structure of side-chain and functional groups aliphatic with nonsubstituted chains C OOH H C CH NH 2 CH 3 CH 3 OH H C H NH 2 COOH H C CH 3 H #Q�.�+G]�2��W�+�/��Z�VS�eҦ0uF�H6���B��2�ڨ}�����N���n�� �s�M-�D��-ɗ���$"��h5I�bl��&�ߋ�M�x �籭h O�eΖdYt?u��F���~nc ���C�M�-�����{��Q�f‘�6����h�/�7��M�t5N��o�FW�/���3�W7aOsF�&'G/������jM���hm��h�ު�fo�������l��xh""n8�O����'G{+�eƸ1j,0���ۤ�&��b2�&��L��i��R|f�T�1��)��B�P.fPFM�\A�y�06l� :,�>��&�>3.�F-c&��� �v#��J�M k3fǦ����������һ�q4�ַQ2~R��CkBi��I���5w���t�]����]V�upU�_�Fq�qH�Ÿ��� !� �d��B��h���y����t�y���NA�9،}�^����hl���=�����N֣܆����(C��_�kjѶ����e�D��O�-^� ��K0ށi���A����B�ZyCAP8�C���@��&�*���CP=�#t�]���� 4�}���a � ��ٰ;G���Dx����J�>���� ,�_“@��FX�DB�X$!k�"��E�����H�q���a���Y��bVa�bJ0՘c�VL�6f3����bձ�X'�?v 6��-�V`�`[����a�;���p~�\2n5��׌���� �&�x�*���s�b|!� memorizing amino acids is just like a game, amino acid single letter code help you to memorize 20 amino acid within a minutes. Amino acid abbreviations. %PDF-1.4 %���� In a simple way, the propyl group connects an arginino group with the alpha carbon of the glycine. a guide to the twenty common amino acids amino acids are the building blocks of proteins in living organisms. trailer <]>> startxref 0 %%EOF 524 0 obj <>stream ߏƿ'� Zk�!� $l$T����4Q��Ot"�y�\b)���A�I&N�I�$R$)���TIj"]&=&�!��:dGrY@^O�$� _%�?P�(&OJEB�N9J�@y@yC�R �n�X����ZO�D}J}/G�3���ɭ���k��{%O�חw�_.�'_!J����Q�@�S���V�F��=�IE���b�b�b�b��5�Q%�����O�@��%�!BӥyҸ�M�:�e�0G7��ӓ����� e%e[�(����R�0`�3R��������4�����6�i^��)��*n*|�"�f����LUo�՝�m�O�0j&jaj�j��.��ϧ�w�ϝ_4����갺�z��j���=���U�4�5�n�ɚ��4ǴhZ�Z�Z�^0����Tf%��9�����-�>�ݫ=�c��Xg�N��]�. �H��. 4�.0,` �3p� ��H�.Hi@�A>� This chart shows the chemical structures of the 20 amino acids that make up proteins. 0000027783 00000 n H���MO�0���+�J�(�,*&� tc��`k4� O*��?�����f�����`ϳ�g���C/����O�ϩ�+F�F�G�Gό���z����ˌ��ㅿ)����ѫ�~w��gb���k��?Jި�9���m�d���wi獵�ޫ�?�����c�Ǒ��O�O���?w| ��x&mf������ endstream endobj 519 0 obj <>stream ��.3\����r���Ϯ�_�Yq*���©�L��_�w�ד������+��]�e�������D��]�cI�II�OA��u�_�䩔���)3�ѩ�i�����B%a��+]3='�/�4�0C��i��U�@ёL(sYf����L�H�$�%�Y�j��gGe��Q�����n�����~5f5wug�v����5�k��֮\۹Nw]������m mH���Fˍe�n���Q�Q��`h����B�BQ�-�[l�ll��f��jۗ"^��b���O%ܒ��Y}W�����������w�vw����X�bY^�Ю�]�����W�Va[q`i�d��2���J�jGէ������{�����׿�m���>���Pk�Am�a�����꺿g_D�H��G�G��u�;��7�7�6�Ʊ�q�o���C{��P3���8!9������-?��|������gKϑ���9�w~�Bƅ��:Wt>���ҝ����ˁ��^�r�۽��U��g�9];}�}��������_�~i��m��p���㭎�}��]�/���}������.�{�^�=�}����^?�z8�h�c��' �h� 0000088465 00000 n Twenty Amino Acids There are twenty amino acids required for human life to exist. ‘essential’ amino acids must be obtained from the diet, whilst non-essential amino acids can be synthesised in the body. 0000003124 00000 n This table shows the abbreviations and single letter codes used for the 20 amino acids found in proteins. Amino Acids. x��wTS��Ͻ7��" %�z �;HQ�I�P��&vDF)VdT�G�"cE��b� �P��QDE�݌k �5�ޚ��Y�����g�}׺ P���tX�4�X���\���X��ffG�D���=���HƳ��.�d��,�P&s���"7C$ There are as many as one hundred thousand kinds of proteins that constitute the body, and these comprise only twenty kinds of amino acids in … 0000001839 00000 n x��7�8��:��!�4m�ե�.����qH�2��j�Z�}�E��o ����ňɎWLC�ҁ.�m��i3ң�L���뻕����k҄��I���1���V���خ�� �TrMc�6#1cڔIii�Q�v���!i�M'�vqshW�.>�6����x� �����L���P�ߡ�����xhㆡx�F`jת�lM��4]�GBE,o�����7΋�͉A�9�55� i2��xK0���'��؆��tm(Q?mHx��l{����L��]�K�]g��/fb��s�94l�������ˡӥc�c�ɤީ/�f�%���WOqUz027mܸA�Ǐ�iZ)V� �$���ɯ|dZX�'�'9��'�4�� �S�t׮�D���S�q���խlYK$�����OFcl���+�����w�i�줛�L��c�P�ʡ%�F~���L�~��������Vn����)y��S����闦����L���q�aPrcusT;l�����|@1n8���y�'I!�cb!I��u��&P|'��r1�Q�h3�@��� M����u�%����vQ[��Jl.\�{�t�T��z��������6H��C�0��6X~t�������=�&�����//����!Ù��"q�>���Q�P�z�q��V62sÆ���� ���e��I��Ć}��ʆEu�v:�e��J�X��C��=��x��I�7cΩh=��s4{���E~�,��s�b�_n"P��ԠLD ��c#P��@�#�v�N���P&�-��d�c���? 0000006000 00000 n 0000001120 00000 n 2z7y�s��E��Ҏ�-Jŀօx�M�v�.G�E��� 20 amino acids = chiral compounds groups, L-amino acids trivial names systematic names, symbols (tree letters, one letter), (book 1, table 2.1.) 2dz`$I! The 20 amino acids and their main functions 1- Phenylalanine Phenylalanine is an amino acid found in three forms: L-phenylalanine (naturally synthesized), D-phenylalanine (artificially synthesized) and DL-phenylalanine (a mixture of the two above). 0000002235 00000 n These amino acids bond together to form a larger protein molecule. �FV>2 u�����/�_$\�B�Cv�< 5]�s.,4�&�y�Ux~xw-bEDCĻH����G��KwF�G�E�GME{E�EK�X,Y��F�Z� �={$vr����K���� �@4��ro�ֆ͝b�{޵bw��;�A�^ߎ�o�\�7�7�Y��>Hߖ��[wqE3n��b�h蕼�( ��]8=w>x���-�=�� ���-���_>��/ZشT߿�l�-Z23מ��,��}0�7!�A(�ZT�d:Q#*)' ��h+a���l��xɍ�Nu���2�k����+��8�ꇝ��~&v͢=?��2#�`���3S��;������;J>�-JE"Q��(�P��lBيb �ܑ�خB9�r ?%��v�i�6�[a�}��������Y�w�ix��ry����i_:�^E��t��>Dӣ�6��g�ٷ�i����qr�|��V���EfR�P淙e+�k���j��~��l9B�����*�J��h�N�7�w��>A��gi+�r�~L���Oz�a^e����[}�'�Qv���k��� Note: You are not expected to remember the detailed structures of all these amino acids, but you should be prepared to draw the structures of the two simplest members, glycine and alanine. �>o�'��R���j1��E�%eu����t�1-'�]֍�'�����4�c84��m�1~�4��QK -g�[KMo��oI�X ��V�K�҇�$bmt�I������O 0000001452 00000 n Good luck. E�6��S��2����)2�12� ��"�įl���+�ɘ�&�Y��4���Pޚ%ᣌ�\�%�g�|e�TI� ��(����L 0�_��&�l�2E�� ��9�r��9h� x�g��Ib�טi���f��S�b1+��M�xL����0��o�E%Ym�h�����Y��h����~S�=�z�U�&�ϞA��Y�l�/� �$Z����U �m@��O� � �ޜ��l^���'���ls�k.+�7���oʿ�9�����V;�?�#I3eE妧�KD����d�����9i���,�����UQ� ��h��6'~�khu_ }�9P�I�o= C#$n?z}�[1 Proteins are biosynthesized from 20 amino acids in a system involving strict genetic control. =��v�}��p�gy�� ? This classification of amino acids has little to do with the structure of amino acids. Assignment: memorize amino acids by name, side chain, abbreviations, characteristics (hydrophobic, polar, acidic, basic, etc.—don’t worry about values of hydrophobicity) There are different, non-protein amino acids. �vbMէm�Ai; More than 300 amino acids are found in nature but only 20 amino acids are standard and present in protein because they are coded by genes. !�0�MƑ;�X�� d[��?���qrm�$����K��/�*�FzW�!vRH��d!���^O��c�m�N�#�hsvR���٧���>���b%A2���o�?f�D����C��׼�hxJ3Z��,!K 2������� �LF�ô��p���s�+���˓�t�Z�I�C&�i/z)�+S�#����X��>DZ�^�����jSNe�ʞ"RF.������v)ӱ:S�qS0J]H5�,$� ���4A�*6�Bє����I&��������-���^��f�FZC��M~E�B�����Y��=&-!&������ 0000001489 00000 n there are over 500 amino acids found in nature - however, the human genetic code only directly encodes 20. 0000053222 00000 n You see, it’s all simple to construct the structure of all 20 amino acids and memorize these structures.